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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 52  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 201-206

Demography of the remnant of omphalomesenteric duct

Department of Pediatric Surgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dinesh Kumar Barolia
Barolia Bhawan, Srimadhopur, Sikar, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/fjs.fjs_12_19

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Introduction: Pediatric surgeons dealt with cases of omphalomesenteric duct remnants, which presented with various symptomatic patterns. Meckel's diverticulum was the most common remnant in this study, which presented with different signs and symptoms. The aim is to study the various remnants of omphalomesenteric duct with their presenting symptoms and to introduce a new variant of patent vitellointestinal duct (PVID) and describe how to treat these variants of omphalomesenteric duct. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted in 132 neonates and children (102 male and 30 female), who were operated at our institute and containing persistent omphalomesenteric duct and its derivatives. This study was conducted from January 2017 to June 2018 at our institute. This study analyzed the presenting sign and symptoms of various remnants of omphalomesenteric duct. The study analysis was based on the following parameters – age, sex, sign, symptom, investigation, operative finding, and postoperative complications. Results: In this study, male-to-female ratio was 3.4:1. Meckel's band obstruction was the most common presentation (n = 48, 36.36%), while umbilical cyst (n = 1, 0.75%) and umbilical sinus were least commonly present (n = 1, 0.75%) in all remnants of omphalomesenteric duct. We found a new variant of PVID, which presented with an intact omphalomesenteric duct, but the umbilical end was obliterated. This variant had not been included or reported in literature. Conclusion: Omphalomesenteric duct remnants are presenting with various sign and symptoms, like intestinal obstruction, umbilical discharge, umbilical swelling, pain abdomen etc. A new variant of PVID is named end- obliterated PVID reported here, may present with features of intestinal obstruction.

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