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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 199-206

Balloon Angioplasty Followed by Aspiration of Large-Vessel Occlusion (BAFALO): An efficient and protective treatment of tandem occlusion

1 Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital Hsin-Chu Branch, Hsin-Chu Hospital, Hsinchu City; Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
2 Department of Medical Imaging National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
3 Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei; Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital Hsin-Chu Branch, Biomedical Park Hospital, Hsinchu City, Taiwan
4 Department of Neurology, Stroke Center, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Chung-Wei Lee
Department of Medical Imaging, National Taiwan University Hospital, No. 7, Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei 100
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/fjs.fjs_34_22

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Background: Endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke associated with tandem lesion is challenging. Achieving rapid intracranial revascularization and managing the extracranial lesion without complications are the main challenges. Materials and Methods: The balloon angioplasty followed by aspiration of large-vessel occlusion (BAFALO) technique was used to address this clinical issue. A review of a prospectively maintained stroke registry from January 2015 to April 2020 was performed. Patients had stroke with TO and treated with the BAFALO technique were included. Results: Twelve patients were enrolled: 11 had anterior circulation stroke, and 1 had posterior circulation stroke. There were 10 ipsilateral internal carotid artery stenosis/occlusion, one left common carotid artery to subclavian artery bypass stenosis, and 1 vertebral artery orifice stenosis. The median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was 16 (interquartile range [IQR]: 14–16). Revascularization with a Modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score of 2b or more was achieved in 11 (92%) patients. The median puncture-to-revascularization time was 25 min (IQR: 19.5–31). Emergent stent implantation was performed in five (42%) patients. Three had distal protection devices (DPDs) with no distal embolization. Two patients did not use a DPD, and one had intracranial reocclusion. Eight (67%) proximal stenotic vessels remained patent. No symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurred. Eight (67%) patients had favorable clinical outcomes (modified Rankin Score 0–2 at 90 days). Conclusion: While managing TO, the BAFALO technique could achieve rapid intracranial revascularization and treat extracranial lesions under embolic protection. These merits translate into favorable clinical outcomes.

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