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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 207-214

Intraoperative blood flow monitor for aneurysm clipping: A comparison between Flowmetry and Indocyanine Green videoangiography

1 Department of Neurosurgery, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
2 Department of Neurosurgery, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei; Department of Medicine, MacKay Medical College, New Taipei, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Shiu-Jau Chen
Department of Medicine, MacKay Medicine College, New Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Neurosurgery, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/fjs.fjs_237_21

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Background: Both indocyanine green videoangiography (ICG-VA) and flowmetry were considered beneficial in preventing parent artery compromise during aneurysm surgery. However, the appropriate strategy that should be used remains controversial. The objective of the study is to assess the outcomes of aneurysm clipping through flowmetry or ICG-VA monitoring. Materials and Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 75 patients who underwent aneurysm clipping with vascular patency monitoring. In total, 42 patients underwent flowmetry monitoring and 33 ICG-VA monitoring. Preoperative disease severity and functional outcomes were assessed using the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) grading system and the modified Rankin scale, respectively. Results: As compared with ICG-VA, flowmetry group had nonsignificant higher incidence of clip modification (31.7% vs. 18.2%, P = 0.29) and residual neck (22% vs. 10%, P = 0.218). Besides Fisher grade, flowmetry monitoring (Crude odds ratio [OR] = 0124, P = 0.015), young age, and anterior communicating artery location were the independent risk factors for vasospasm based on multivariate analysis. The incidence of parent artery compromise did not differ between both groups. Old age, poor preoperative WFNS grade, low Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score, left-side location, and long hospital stay were associated with poor functional outcomes in the univariate analysis. However, only the GCS score was considered a prognostic factor in the multivariate analysis (Adjusted OR = 0.03, P = 0.034). Conclusion: Both monitoring methods have similar functional outcomes. Although not influencing outcome, the flowmetry group has a higher incidence of angiographic vasospasm than the ICG-VA group. The vessel preparation for flowmetry monitoring is more complicated than that for ICG-VA; thus, we recommend ICG-VA for routine monitoring. Flowmetry may be applicable in distal aneurysms when hemodynamic insufficiency in a parent artery is suspected.

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